Course Outline


The IGCSE Accounting Syllabus at GEMS Wesgreen International Secondary School aims to provide a thorough knowledge and understanding of the subject and help to develop the skills students need for their next steps in education or employment.

Learning Outcomes

  • The aims are to enable students to develop: knowledge and understanding of the principles and purposes of accounting for individuals, businesses, non-trading organizations and society as a whole
  • an understanding of accounting concepts, principles, policies, techniques, procedures, and terminology
  • improved skills of numeracy, literacy, communication, enquiry, presentation, and interpretation
  • improved accuracy, orderliness, and the ability to think logically

Unit Overviews

Term 1

Unit 5 Preparation of financial statements                          

Approximate length: 7 weeks

The focus of this section is the preparation of financial statements, including year-end adjustments, for different types of businesses. Consideration is also given to the financial statements of clubs and societies and manufacturing businesses. The procedures employed when only incomplete records are available are also covered.

Cambridge International Curriculum Standards

  • distinguish between receipts and payments accounts and income and expenditure accounts
  • prepare receipts and payments accounts
  • prepare accounts for revenue-generating activities, e.g. refreshments, subscriptions
  • prepare income and expenditure accounts and statements of financial position
  • define and calculate the accumulated fund  distinguish between direct and indirect costs
  • understand direct material, direct labor, prime cost and factory overheads
  • understands and make adjustments for work in progress
  • calculate factory cost of production  prepare manufacturing accounts, income statements and statement of financial position  explain the disadvantages of not maintaining a full set of accounting records
  • prepare opening and closing statements of affairs
  • calculate profit or loss for the year from changes in capital over time
  • calculate sales, purchases, gross profit, trade receivables and trade payables and other figures from incomplete information
  • prepare income statements and statements of financial position form incomplete records
  • apply the techniques of mark-up, margin and inventory turnover to arrive at missing figures

Unit 6 Analysis and interpretation                                   

Approximate length: 4 weeks 

This section introduces the calculation and the interpretation of the main accounting ratios. The use of ratios in inter-firm comparison is also included. Consideration is also given to the uses of accounting information by interested parties. The limitations of accounting statements are also explored. Cambridge International Curriculum Standards

  • understand, calculate, and explain the importance of the accounting ratios:
  • prepare and comment on simple statements showing comparison of results for different years
  • make recommendations and suggestions for improving profitability and working capital
  • understand the significance of the difference between the gross margin and the profit margin as an indicator of a business’s efficiency
  • explain the relationship of gross profit and profit for the year to the valuation of inventory, rate of inventory turnover, revenue, expenses, and equity
  • apply accounting ratios to inter-firm comparison and understand the problems
  • explain the uses of accounting information by the interested parties for decision-making:
  • be able to recognize the limitations of accounting statements due to certain factors.

Unit 7 Accounting principles and policies                             

Approximate length: 2 weeks

The main accounting principles are introduced together with how they are applied in accounting records and statements. Consideration is also given to the influence of international accounting standards and the selection of accounting policies.

Cambridge International Curriculum Standards

  • explain and recognize the application of the accounting principles
  • recognize the influence of international accounting standards and understand the objectives in selecting accounting policies

General teaching methodologies will include Online and Face to Face (Blended) learning, Face to face students will be in class while online learners will log in remotely and follow the instructor, who will have the laptop camera facing the smartboard. Teaching will be done using a combination of writing and illustrating on the smartboard and PowerPoint presentations.  This should include a combination of oral and visual methods to differentiate instruction modes to cater to student preferences effectively.

Use of Phoenix to allocate differentiated activities catering to varying learning abilities of the students – these online activities will include quizzes, assignments, research-based projects, digital group activities and formative tests. Feedback to students will be given through the Gems Phoenix platform. Feedback will include rubrics, teacher, and peer marking. Questions from students – time allocated to allow students the opportunity to ask questions and give written and oral feedback through digital platforms. 

Term 2

Programme of Study

Term 3

Programme of Study

Next Steps

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