SCIENCE GRADE 6

Overview

The Science Syllabus at GEMS Wesgreen International middle School aims to stimulate a student’s curiosity to gain an understanding of the world around them. Learning opportunities in science allow students to develop reasoning and thinking skills to problem solve, communicate effectively, work cooperatively and use technology to become 21st Century learners. Students learn to ask scientific questions and begin to appreciate the way science will affect their future on a personal, national, and global level. Science is taught in dedicated Science lessons in the Lab and in classrooms.

Learning Outcomes

The aims of all subjects' state what a teacher may expect to teach and what a student may expect to experience and learn. These aims suggest how the student may be changed by the learning experience.

The aims of the Science Syllabus are to encourage and enable students to:

  • develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • develop ideas and evidence by talking about the importance of questions, evidence and explanations, as well as making predictions and review them against evidence
  • develop understanding of scientific investigative plans and be able to suggest ideas that may be tested, outline plans to carry out investigations, considering the variables to control, change or observe, make predictions referring to previous scientific knowledge and understanding, identify appropriate evidence to collect and suitable methods of collection and choose appropriate apparatus and use it correctly
  • develop and understanding on how to obtain and present evidence, make careful observations including measurements, present results in the form of tables, bar charts and line graphs and use information from secondary sources
  • develop different approaches in making conclusions from collected data, including those presented in a graph, chart or spreadsheet, recognize results and observations that do not fit into a pattern, including those presented in a graph, chart or spreadsheet, consider explanations for predictions using scientific knowledge and understanding and communicate these and present conclusions using different methods.

Ongoing Objectives

Throughout each unit the students are given the opportunity to build on the objectives below:

  • To ask simple questions and recognizing that they can investigate these questions scientifically.
  • To observe closely, using laboratory and conventional equipment.
  • To perform simple experiments.
  • To use their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions.
  • To gather and recording data to help in answering questions.

Blended learning

For blended learning we will provide video links, live demonstrations of practical investigation as well as access to the relevant worksheets and resources that all students will need. This will ensure that regardless whether or not a student is working in school or remotely they will still receive the same quality of teaching.

Unit Overviews

Term 1                  Approximate length: 12 weeks

For blended learning we will provide video links, live demonstrations of practical investigation as well as access to the relevant worksheets and resources that all students will need.

Introduction to Working Scientifically

Approximate length: 1 week

In this unit students will develop the understanding and skills needed to work safely and effectively in a laboratory. They will also learn the key research skills needed to carry out a scientific investigation.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Develop scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics
  • Are equipped with the scientific knowledge required to understand the uses and implications of science, today and for the future.

Unit 7.1 – Plants and Humans as Organisms

Approximate length: 3 weeks

In this unit students will develop their understanding of structure of a plant and functions of major organs, functions of the different Human organ systems, muscles and joints.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Recognize the positions, and know the functions of the major organs of flowering plants, e.g. root, stem, leaf

Unit 7.2 – Cells and organisms

Approximate length: 3 weeks

 In this unit students have to understanding of the characteristics of living things, structure and used of certain Bacteria, microscopic fungi, algae and protozoa. Compare and contrast the structure and functions of plants and animal cells as well as specialized cells.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Explore the role of the skeleton and joints and the principle of antagonistic muscles
  • Recognize the positions and know the functions of the major organ systems of the human body. Secondary sources can be used
  • Research the work of scientists studying the human body

Unit 7.9 – Forces and motion

Approximate length: 3 weeks

In this unit students be able to understand and describe how to draw and label forces, measure forces and discus the different types of contact and non-contact forces with their effects.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Describe the effects of forces on motion, including friction and air resistance
  • Describe the effect of gravity on objects. Secondary sources can be used

Unit 7.10 – Energy

Approximate length: 3 weeks

In this unit students will develop and understand the idea that energy is needed to make things happen, describe different energy stores and finally energy conversions and the principle of conservation of energy.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Understand that energy cannot be created or destroyed and that energy is always conserved
  • Recognise different energy types and energy transfers

Term 2                  Approximate length: 11 weeks

For blended learning we will provide video links, live demonstrations of practical investigation as well as access to the relevant worksheets and resources that all students will need.

Unit 7.5 – state of matter

Approximate length: 2 weeks

In this unit students will review photosynthesis and be able to write the word equation. Understand and investigate the importance of water and mineral salts in plants. Describe sexual reproduction in flowering plants from pollination, fertilization, seed formation and dispersal.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Show in outline how the particle theory of matter can be used to explain the properties of solids, liquids and gases, including changes of state

Unit 7.6 – Material properties

Approximate length: 2 weeks

In this unit students will be able to understand the different states of matter, changes in the state of matter and finally they will be able to use the particle theory to explain the changes in the state of matter.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Distinguish between metals and non-metals
  • Describe everyday materials and their physical properties

Unit 7.7 – Material Changes

Approximate length: 2 weeks

In this unit students will be able to understand and compare the properties of metals and non-metals and look at the properties and uses of everyday materials, focusing on plastic and glass.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Use a pH scale.
  • Understand neutralization and some of its applications
  • Use indicators to distinguish acid and alkaline solutions

Unit 7.3 - Living things in their environment

Approximate length: 3 weeks

In this unit students will be able to understand how organisms are adapted for living in their habitat, food chains to illustrate energy transfer between organisms. They will be able to explain the negative and positive effects of humans on food chains and the environment. The role of the ozone layer in protecting from ultraviolet radiation, and the hole in the ozone layer

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Describe how organisms are adapted to their habitat, drawing on locally occurring examples. Secondary sources can be used
  • Draw and model simple food chains
  • Discuss positive and negative influence of humans on the environment, e.g. the effect on food chains, pollution and ozone depletion
  • Discuss a range of energy sources and distinguish between renewable and non-renewable resources. Secondary sources can be used

Unit 7.4 – Variation and Classification

Approximate length: 2 weeks

In this unit students will be able to define a species, understand the concept of variation in a species and be able to classify plants, vertebrates and invertebrates into major groups.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Understand what is meant by a species
  • Investigate variation within a species. Secondary sources can be used
  • Classify animals and plants into major groups, using some locally occurring examples

For blended learning we will provide video links, live demonstrations of practical investigation as well as access to the relevant worksheets and resources that all students will need.

Unit 7.11 – The Earth and beyond

Approximate length:2 weeks

In this unit students will be able to understand daily movement of Sun and stars is explained by the Earth’s rotation, explain why we see different patterns of stars at different times of the year. They will understand the movement of plants and how we see stars and the planets, as well as the moon and its phases. Finally they will be able to understand the evolution of astronomy and the requirements for space exploration.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Describe how the movement of the Earth causes the apparent daily and annual movement of the sun and the stars
  • Describe the relative position and movement of the planets and the sun in the solar system

Term 3 Approximate length: 6 weeks

  • Discuss the impact of the ideas and discoveries of Copernicus, Galileo and more recent scientists
  • Understand that the sun and other stars are sources of light and that planets and other bodies are seen by reflected light

Unit 7.8 – The Earth

Approximate length: 3 weeks

In this unit student will understand what Rocks, minerals and soils are made of, describe the formation and properties of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. They will be able to describe fossils and how to trace fossils over a time line and finally develop ideas about the age of the Earth and the geographical time scale.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

  • Observe and classify different types of rocks and soils
  • Research simple models of the internal structure of the Earth
  • Examine fossils and research the fossil record
  • Discuss the fossil record as a guide to estimating the age of the Earth
  • Learn about most recent estimates of the age of the Earth

Assessment

Formative: Throughout the units, the children will complete graded work, quizzes and investigation activities which allows the teacher to assess the students’ attainment and inform their planning.

For each unit the students complete a pre and post assessments. This allows us to see progress across the units and to inform our planning.

Summative: At the end of each term we complete internal assessment. This allows us to measure the students’ progress throughout the term and year.

Next Steps

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