## Overview

The Math Syllabus at GEMS Wesgreen International Secondary School aims to support students in building competency, confidence and fluency in their use of techniques and mathematical understanding. Throughout the year we recover and extend objectives as the focus is to develop in students their reasoning, problem-solving and analytical skills from a variety of abstract and real-life contexts.

## Learning Outcomes

The aims of all subjects state what a teacher may expect to teach and what a student may expect to experience and learn. These aims suggest how the student may be changed by the learning experience.

The aims of the Math Syllabus are to encourage and enable students to:

• become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics, including through varied and frequent practice with increasingly complex problems over time, so that pupils develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately.
• reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry, conjecturing relationships and generalizations, and developing an argument, justification or proof using mathematical language
• can solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of routine and non-routine problems with increasing sophistication, including breaking down problems into a series of simpler steps and persevering in seeking solutions.

## Unit Overviews

### Term 1

Unit 1 – Geometry and measures - Chapter 8 Approximate length: 5 weeks

Syllabus - Cambridge IGCSE® Mathematics 0580 and Complete Mathematics for Cambridge IGCSE 5th Edition-EXTENDED- David Rayner

In this unit the children will build on their understanding of Sets, Logical Problems, Vectors, Column Vectors, Vector Geometry, Functions and Simple and Combined Transformations.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

• Understand notation of Venn diagrams. Definition of sets e.g. A = {x: x is a natural number} B = {a, b, c, …}
• Interpret simple expressions as functions with inputs and outputs; {interpret the reverse process as the ‘inverse function’; interpret the succession of two functions as a ‘composite function’}
• Use function notation, e.g. f(x) = 3x 5, f: x 3x 5, to describe simple functions. Find inverse functions f -1 (x). Form composite functions as defined by gf(x) = g(f(x)).
• Describe translations as 2D vectors
• Apply addition and subtraction of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a scalar, and diagrammatic and column representations of vectors; {use vectors to construct geometric arguments and proofs}.
• Describe a translation by using a vector represented by e.g. (x/y) AB or a. Add and subtract vectors. Multiply a vector by a scalar.
• Calculate the magnitude of a vector (x/y) as square root of x2+y2. Represent vectors by directed line segments. Use the sum and difference of two vectors to express given vectors in terms of two coplanar vectors. Use position vectors.
• Reflect simple plane figures in horizontal or vertical lines.
• Rotate simple plane figures about the origin, vertices or midpoints of edges of the figures, through multiples of 90°.
• Construct given translations and enlargements of simple plane figures.
• Recognize and describe reflections, rotations, translations and enlargements.
• Interpret and use fractional {and negative} scale factors for enlargements
• Describe the changes and invariance achieved by combinations of rotations, reflections and translations.

Unit 2 – Geometry and measures - Chapter 6

Approximate length: 3 weeks

Syllabus - Cambridge IGCSE® Mathematics 0580 and Complete Mathematics for Cambridge IGCSE 5th Edition-EXTENDED- David Rayner

In this unit the children will build on their understanding of Right -angled Triangles, Scale Drawing, Three dimensional problems, Sine, cosine and tangent of any angle, the sine rule and the cosine rule.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

• Read and make scale drawings.
• Interpret and use three-figure bearings. Notes/Examples Measured clockwise from the North, i.e. 000°–360°.
• Apply Pythagoras’ theorem and the sine, cosine and tangent ratios for the acute angles to the calculation of a side or of an angle of a right- angled triangle.
• Apply Pythagoras’ Theorem and trigonometric ratios to find angles and lengths in right-angled triangles {and, where possible, general triangles} in two {and three} dimensional figures.
• Solve trigonometrical problems in two dimensions involving angles of elevation and depression
• Recognize, sketch and interpret graphs of simple trigonometric functions.
• Graph and know the properties of trigonometric functions
• Solve simple trigonometrical equations for values between 0° and 360°
• Solve problems using the sine and cosine rules for any triangle and the formula area of triangle =1/2 ab sinC
• Solve simple trigonometrical problems in three dimensions including angle between a line and a plane.

### Term 2

Unit 3 – Graphs – Chapter 7

Approximate length: 5-6 weeks

Syllabus - Cambridge IGCSE® Mathematics 0580 and Complete Mathematics for Cambridge IGCSE 5Th Edition-EXTENDED- David Rayner

In this unit the children will build on their understanding of Drawing accurate graphs, Gradients, The form y = mx +c, Plotting curves, Interpreting graphs, Graphical solution of equations, Distance – time graphs, speed – time graphs and Differentiation.

Specific National Curriculum Objectives Covered:

• Interpret and use graphs in practical situations including travel graphs and conversion graphs.
• Draw graphs from given data.
• Apply the idea of rate of change to simple kinematics involving distance–time and speed–time graphs, acceleration and deceleration.
• Calculate distance travelled as area under a speed–time graph.
• Calculate or estimate gradients of graphs and areas under graphs (including quadratic and other non-linear graphs), and interpret results in cases such as distance-time graphs, velocity-time graphs and graphs in financial contexts.
• Construct tables of values and draw graphs for functions of the form axn (and simple sums of these) and functions of the form abx + c.
• Solve associated equations approximately, including finding and interpreting roots by graphical methods.
• Draw and interpret graphs representing exponential growth and decay problems. Recognize, sketch and interpret graphs of functions.
• Plot and interpret graphs (including reciprocal graphs {and exponential graphs}) and graphs of non-standard functions in real contexts, to find approximate solutions to problems such as simple kinematic problems involving distance, speed and acceleration.
• Recognize, sketch and interpret graphs of linear functions, quadratic functions, simple cubic functions, the reciprocal function 𝑦𝑦= 1𝑥𝑥 with 𝑥𝑥≠0. {the exponential function y = kx for positive values of k, and the trigonometric functions (with arguments in degrees) with y = sin x, y = cos x and y = tan x for angles of any size} .
• Find approximate solutions using a graph.
• Sketch translations and reflections of the graph of a given function.
• Estimate gradients of curves by drawing tangents.
• Understand the idea of a derived function. Use the derivatives of functions of the form axn, and simple sums of not more than three of these.
• Apply differentiation to gradients and turning points (stationary points). Identify and interpret roots, intercepts and turning points of quadratic functions graphically; deduce roots algebraically {and turning points by completing the square}.
• Discriminate between maxima and minima by any method. Demonstrate familiarity with Cartesian coordinates in two dimensions.
• Find the gradient of a straight line. Calculate the gradient of a straight line from the coordinates of two points on it.
• Use the form y=mx+ c to identify parallel {and perpendicular} lines; find the equation of the line through two given points, or through one point with a given gradient.
• Calculate the length and the coordinates of the midpoint of a straight line from the coordinates of its end points.
• Interpret and obtain the equation of a straight- line graph.
• Determine the equation of a straight line parallel to a given line.
• Find the gradient of parallel and perpendicular lines.
• Know that the perpendicular distance from a point to a line is the shortest distance to the line.

Unit 4 – Revision

Approximate length: 1-2 weeks

Syllabus - Cambridge IGCSE® Mathematics 0580 and Complete Mathematics for Cambridge IGCSE 5th Edition- David Rayner

• Extensive practice of the entire Cambridge IGCSE® Mathematics 0580 syllabus covered till date through past papers of CIE / IGCSE 0580.

## Blended Learning

Throughout this year there will be blended learning and we are using multiple teaching methods in order to help our students learn more effectively. All students whether face to face or learning from home will have the opportunity access all the lessons and resources. Students will use Phoenix, Teams, myimaths and GCSE Pod. Each lesson begins with a set of clearly stated objectives and an explanation of its place in the overall IGCSE syllabus. Effective learning is encouraged through frequent activities and self-assessment questions.

Links for solving past papers and links related to concepts covered to reinforce classroom learning followed will be available to students. Students will have access to worksheets with progression of difficulty, online assessments, tasks/open ended questions and fun activities through online platforms.

## Assessment

### Formative:

Throughout the units, the children will complete graded work, quizzes and problem- solving activities which allows the teacher to assess the students’ attainment and inform their planning.

For each unit the students complete written quizzes, online quizzes as well as Chapter- wise tests (Topic Tests). Quizzes are taken based on 1-chapter assessment, where Tests are combined as per the requirement i.e. 2 to 3 chapters/topics – sections. This allows us to see progress across the units and align our planning.

### Summative:

At the end of each term we complete internal and standardized tests. This allows us to measure the students’ progress throughout the term and year. Nearing the end of the academic year, the students appear for their MOCK EXAMINATIONS. This is to check and gauge their readiness / preparation for their final IGCSE examinations. At the end of the year, students appear for their final IGCSE examination for Syllabus - Cambridge IGCSE® Mathematics 0580.