Accounting Grade 9

Accounting Grade 9/ Year 10 

Overview 

 
The IGCSE Accounting Syllabus at GEMS Wesgreen International Secondary School aims to provide a combination of knowledge and skills to the students to develop both practical skills and theoretical knowledge. 

The students focus on the skills of recording, reporting, presenting, and interpreting financial information; these form an ideal foundation for further study, and for a future career within the profession.  

Learning Outcomes

 
The aims are to enable students to develop: 

  • knowledge and understanding of the principles and purposes of accounting for individuals, businesses, non-trading organizations and society as a whole 

  • an understanding of accounting concepts, principles, policies, techniques, procedures, and terminology 

  • improved skills of numeracy, literacy, communication, enquiry, presentation, and interpretation 

  • improved accuracy, orderliness, and the ability to think logically 

    Unit Overview

Term 1

Unit 1 The fundamentals of accounting                 Approximate length: 2 weeks  

In this unit, the basic accounting terms and the accounting equation are introduced. The role of accounting in providing information and the purposes of measuring business profit and loss are also explored and the difference between book-keeping and accounting is explained. 

Cambridge International Curriculum Standards 

  • Understand and explain the difference between book-keeping and accounting. 

  • State the purposes of measuring business profit and loss. 

  • Explain the role of accounting in providing information for monitoring progress and decision-making. 

  • Explain the meaning of assets, liabilities, and owner’s equity. 

  • Explain and apply the accounting equation. 

Unit 2 Sources and recording of data                 Approximate length: 8 weeks  

The core topic in this unit is the double entry system of book-keeping and how this is applied in the 

preparation of ledger accounts. The division of the ledger is considered. Business documents and their use as sources of information are also included. Consideration is given to the procedures for processing information in books of prime entry. 

Cambridge International Curriculum Standards 

Outline the double entry system of book-keeping. 

Process accounting data using the double entry system. 

Prepare ledger accounts and post transactions to the ledger accounts. 

Balance ledger accounts as required and make transfers to financial statements and be able to interpret ledger accounts and their balances. 

Recognize the division of the ledger into the sales ledger, the purchases ledger, and the nominal (general) ledger. 

Recognize and understand the following business documents: invoice, debit note, credit note, statement of account, cheque, receipt 

Complete pro-forma business documents and understand the use of business documents as sources of information: invoice, credit note, cheque, counterfoil, paying-in slip, receipt, bank statement. 

Explain the advantage of using various books of prime entry. 

Explain the use of and process accounting data in the books of prime entry: cash book, petty cash book, sales journal, purchases journal, sales returns journal, purchases returns journal and the general journal. 

Post the ledger entries from the books of prime entry. 

Distinguish between and account for trade discount and cash discounts. 

Explain the dual function of the cash book as a book of prime entry and as a ledger account for bank and cash. 

Explain the use of and record payments and receipts made by bank transfers and other electronic means. 

Explain and apply the imprest system of petty cash. 

Unit 3 Verification of accounting records                 Approximate length: 3 weeks  

In this unit, the students concentrate on the use of trial balances, bank reconciliation statements and control accounts as means of verifying accounting records. The procedures for the correction of errors are also covered. 

Cambridge International Curriculum Standards 

Understand the use and purpose of a bank statement. 

Update the cash book for bank charges, bank interest paid and received, correction of errors, credit transfers, direct debits, dividends, and standing orders. 

Understand the purpose of and prepare a bank reconciliation statement to include bank errors, uncredited deposits, and unpresented cheques. 

 

General teaching methodologies will include Online and Face to Face (Blended) learning, Face to face students will be in class while online learners will log in remotely and follow the instructor, who will have the laptop camera facing the smartboard. Teaching will be done using a combination of writing and illustrating on the smartboard and PowerPoint presentations. This should include a combination of oral and visual methods to differentiate instruction modes to cater to student preferences effectively. 

Use of Phoenix to allocate differentiated activities catering to varying learning abilities of the students – these online activities will include quizzes, assignments, research-based projects, digital group activities and formative tests. 

Feedback to students will be given through the Gems Phoenix platform. Feedback will include rubrics, teacher, and peer marking. 

Questions from students – time allocated to allow students the opportunity to ask questions and give written and oral feedback through digital platforms.  

Page Break
 

Text Box 

Unit 3 Verification of accounting records (continued)               Approximate length: 6 weeks  

Cambridge International Curriculum Standards 

Understand the purposes of purchases ledger and sales ledger control accounts. 

Identify the books of prime entry as sources of information for the control account entries 

Prepare purchases ledger and sales ledger control accounts to include credit purchases and sales, receipts and payments, cash discounts, returns, irrecoverable debts, dishonored cheques, interest on overdue accounts, contra entries, refunds, opening and closing balances  

Understand that a trial balance is a statement of ledger balances on a date. 

Outline the uses and limitations of a trial balance. 

Prepare a trial balance from a given list of balances and amend a trial balance which contains errors. 

Identify and explain those errors which do not affect the trial balance: commission, compensating, complete reversal, omission, original entry, principle. 

Correct errors by means of journal entries. 

Explain the use of a suspense account as a temporary measure to balance the trial balance 

Correct errors by means of suspense accounts. 

Adjust a profit or loss for an accounting period after the correction of errors. 

Understand the effect of correction of errors on a statement of financial position. 

 

Unit 4 Accounting procedures                                          Approximate length: 4 weeks  

Within this Unit, consideration is given to the importance of distinguishing between capital and revenue expenditure and receipts. Non-current assets are further explored in terms of accounting for depreciation and disposals. Procedures to record adjustments for accruals and prepayments, irrecoverable debts, provision of doubtful debts and the recovery of debts written off are included. Inventory valuation, and its impact on financial statements, is also covered. 

Cambridge International Curriculum Standards 

distinguish between and account for capital expenditure and revenue expenditure 

distinguish and account for capital receipts and revenue receipts 

calculate and comment on the effect on profit of incorrect treatment 

calculate and comment on the effect on asset valuations of incorrect treatment 

define depreciation and explain the reasons for accounting for depreciation 

name and describe the straight-line, reducing balance and revaluation methods of depreciation  

prepare ledger accounts and journal entries for the provision of depreciation  

prepare ledger accounts and journal entries to record the sale of non-current assets, including the use of disposal accounts 

Page Break
 

Text Box 

 

Unit 4 Accounting procedures (continued)                             Approximate length: 4 weeks  

Cambridge International Curriculum Standards 

recognize the important of matching costs and revenues 

prepare ledger accounts and journal entries to record accrued and prepaid expenses 

prepare ledger accounts and journal entries to record accrued and prepaid incomes 

understand the meaning of irrecoverable debts and recovery of debts written off 

prepare ledger accounts and journal entries to record irrecoverable debts 

prepare ledger accounts and journal entries to record recovery of debts written off 

explain the reasons for maintaining a provision for doubtful debts 

prepare ledger accounts and journal entries to record the creation or, and adjustments to, a provision for doubtful debts 

understand the basis of the valuation of inventory at the lower of cost and net realizable value 

prepare simple inventory valuation statements 

recognize the importance of valuation of inventory and the effect of an incorrect valuation of inventory on gross profit, profit for the year, equity, and asset valuation 

  

Text Box 

Formative: Throughout the units, students will complete graded work, quizzes, class work and homework assignments based on topical past papers which allows the teacher to assess the students’ attainment and inform their planning by diagnostic marking.  

Summative: At the end of each term we complete internal and standardized tests. This allows us to measure the students’ progress throughout the term and year. 

Next Steps

X
Cookies help us improve your website experience.
By using our website, you agree to our use of cookies.
Confirm